How to Brew Your Own Beer at Home in 10 Simple Steps
Home brewing doesn’t need to be difficult nor does it have to be on the same scale as commercial beer brewing. It is a fun and rewarding hobby that anyone can do. Brewing for your use is Eco-friendly and budget wise. You will be able to skip paying the high price for bottling and distribution. You can also create these beverages to be organic or tailored to your personal taste.
The increase in brewing supplies store and the availability of tailored home brewing ingredients, has made many beer lovers to venture in brewing their beer at home according to the flavors they want. I also take time off mowing grass at my hay field, to brew a few bottles for the weekend. The main steps involved in beer brewing include the following;
- Choose a beer type
- Assemble the Equipment and Ingredients together
- Sanitize your equipment
- Make the wort, Heat, and Cool the Wort
- Ferment your beer
- Priming and Bottling
- Storing your beer
There are five main components that yo require to be able to make your beer at home. These components have been explained in our other guides in this series. These ingredients include the following;
(i) Malt extract – Activates the enzymes used for brewing process.
(ii) Hops – Gives beer the required bitterness, good aroma and other additional flavors
(iii) Yeast – For fermenting process.
(iv) Water – About 90 percent of beer is water.
(v) Sugar – Added to carbonate the yeast after formation of beer
Essential Equipment Needed
We have done a comprehensive guide that talks about all the equipment needed for the brewing process, together with the use of each of these equipment. Please check out. In brief, you shall need the following equipment;
– Brew pot
– Funnel and Strainer
– Siphon hose
– Airlock and Stopper
– Bottling Bucket
– Big Spoon
– Beer Bottle and Capper
Description of the Steps Involved in Brewing Beer at Home
- Ensure that you have everything you need. Gather all the required ingredients and equipment to brew.
- Clean and sanitize the equipment. Use unscented cleaner to thoroughly clean all brewing equipment. Every equipment should also be sterilized.
- Put around 1 gallon of water into a boiling pot and have it to a boiling point. Once it boils, remove the pot from heat and with malt extract. Ensure that the extract does not collect around the bottom-side of the pot, and stir until completely dissolved. When you remove the pot from the heat source, you will be preventing the malt extract from scorching.
- Return to boil – After the malt extract has been dissolved, return this mixture to boil.
- Adding hops – When this liquid reaches near boiling point, add the hops. Note that the hops addition are typically labeled with the time left to boiling end.
- Cooling the wort – After about 30 minutes, you will have successfully created the wort – the fermented liquid that turns into beer. The clean and sanitized fermenter should be filled half-way with cold water. Wait for the wort to cool for 10 minutes and add it to the fermenter.
- Pitching the yeast – After the wort temperature has dropped, sanitize your yeast package and add the yeast. Depending with the kind of beer and flavor you want, you will add either Ale Yeast or Lager Yeast.
- Seal the fermenter – You need to seal the fermenter with a clean and sanitized airlock. After that, shake the fermenter to allow some oxygen to the yeast.
- Storing and monitoring the fermentation – For the next 1-2 weeks, the yeast will be converting the fermentable sugar from the your malt extract to carbon II oxide and alcohol. This process is known as fermentation. Signs for fermentation are going to be evidenced by bubbling airlock after about 12-72 hours. Carbon II oxide causes this bubbling.
- Boil Water – After about 3-4 weeks in the fermenter, the beer is ready for packaging. Fermentation will have stopped and the beer would need to be primed. You need to add a small pints of dextrose. Yeast will create carbon II oxide that can’t escape the capped bottle. Add 2 cups of water and boil. After about 10 minutes of boiling, remove from heat and add priming sugar to a clean and sanitized bottling bucket.
At that point, transfer the beer to the bottling bucket and package it. Avoid transferring any solid component that may have settled at the bottom of the fermenter.